Tag Archives: Edmund Shryock

This Month in History: September

By Edmund Shryock

1. 1939 – WWII Begins in Europe: On September 1st, 1939, Adolf Hitler’s armies swept into Poland. Poland was also invaded by Russia at the same time. This would be the spark that would drag the French and the British into another war with Germany. This war in Europe would eventually turn into a global conflict. Most commonly known as “The Second World War.”


2. 2001 – 9/11 Terrorist Attacks: On the morning of September 11th, 2001 the lives of millions of people would be changed. Four American commercial planes were hijacked and turned into missiles against the World Trade Center, The Pentagon, and possibly the U.S. Capitol. There were 2,996 deaths that day, and the country had to unite. Airport security would be strengthened as a result, and America would declare war on Afghanistan shortly thereafter,  that would end up ending 20 years later. 


3. 1862 – Battle of Antietam: On September 17th, 1862, the deadliest day in American military history would take place. The Confederate army, under general Robert E. Lee, met heavy resistance from Union forces under George B. McClellen. The fighting began at dawn and lasted throughout the day, and by the end of the first day 26,000 men were killed, missing, or injured.


4. 1960 – First-Ever Televised Presidential Debate: Richard Nixon and John F. Kennedy squared off in the first televised Presidential debate in the election of 1960. This took place on September 26th, 1960. This new way of meeting the Presidential candidates allowed more people to turn out for the election. This debate also gained Kennedy support from people who did not know him, as he looked calm and collected, unlike Nixon.


5. 1955 – James Dean Dies: On September 30th, 1955 the 24-year-old movie star James Dean died in a car crash, abruptly ending his promising acting career. He was made famous with movies such as Giant and Rebel Without a Cause. Dean’s death was a tragedy as he made a vast influence on\ teenage lifestyle in the 1950s for numerous teens.

Edmund Shryock

Edmund Shryock is a senior at John Glenn High School, in his second year at The Shoemaker Bugle. He is President of the California Scholarship Federation club, President of the Journalism club, and captain of the Boy’s Varsity Golf Team. Edmund loves to read and write about historical events and current political events. He plans on pursuing a career in political science/ law. This is his second year as a journalist for The Shoemaker Bugle and is now the Copy Editor and Political Correspondent. He wants to help make the Bugle “A fun and hardworking space for his fellow journalists!” Some of his top news sources are PBS, Vox, CNN, Fox News, and The Los Angeles Times.

Asian-American Hate Crimes a Step Backward

By Edmund Shryock

As the pandemic ruined summer plans and normal schedules, for some people it fueled a hate against Asain-Americans causing violence to spring up around the country. This is a major step back from the progress that Americans made in breaking down the racial barriers in the last 60 years. 

After the attacks on Pearl Harbor in 1941, America declared war on Japan, officially entering the United States in WWII. However, war with Japan created hatred towards Asian-Americans as the U.S population believed that they were spies. This led to President Roosevelt signing into action Executive Order 9066 which forced hundreds of Japanese-Americans to be sent to internment camps even though most were American Citizens. 

In 2020 the whole world came to a stop due to the Coronavirus Pandemic. As scientists tracked the location to where the pandemic started, they found out that it originated from China. This gave birth to conspiracy theories on how the virus started causing numerous Americans to have anger towards Asian-Americans believing they were the main cause. These tensions were only escalated when then-President Donald Trump would use terms such as the “Kung Flu” and “China virus” when referencing the Coronavirus.

Now with Joe Biden as President, he has now faced the issue of Asian-American hate spreading across the country. Los Angeles Times staff writer Leila Miller reported that, “The Los Angeles Police Department documented 15 hate crimes against Asian Americans in 2020, more than double the previous year, according to a new study by the agency.” This goes to show the destruction caused by hatred and stupidity. (picture via)

In my opinion, I believe that the only way to stop the racial hate and unite this country is to educate each other and actually discuss our differences. American musician Daryl Davis put it best in my opinion: “There’s a difference between being ignorant and being stupid… For me, an ignorant person is someone who makes the wrong decision or a bad choice because he or she does not have the proper facts. If you give that person the facts and the proper information you have alleviated that ignorance, and they make the right decision.” Through this education process we can unite and look past race and skin color as a whole, making the world safer for generations to come.

CSF Round-Up

By Edmund Shryock

A small group of CSF members represented John Glenn by helping pick up trash in Huntington Beach in a beach clean-up event on April 24. CSF members had also gathered donations that consisted of Dawn detergent and trash bags. The donations that they gathered were given to the Wetlands & Wildlife Care Center in Huntington Beach, which provides care for animals that are affected by trash or are lost.

Of the trash that was collected that day there was a shovel, balloons, bottle caps, paper, and food wrappers. The bottle caps were the most dangerous object to the wildlife that resides in the wetlands as they can become lodged in their throats. Special thanks go out to Lizbeth Ruano, Nicholas Forquer, Cynthia Gomez, Dante Rojas and family, my mother Yvonne Shryock who had to be the designated driver, Mrs. Kennedy, and Mrs. Johnson, and all members who woke up early and helped make a difference!


In a separate event, CSF raised $415 dollars in their Chick-fil-a fundraiser on Wednesday, April 28. This was double the amount made in the first fundraiser back in October 2020. As the night went on, we had many cars in the drive-thru recognize our school and organization and were delighted to help.

This money will be used to help pay for events within CSF and help honor the seniors and their academic success through their time at John Glenn. A special thank you to Chick-fil-a who allowed us to fundraise. Also to CSF members Diana Vaca, Issac Santos, Lizbeth Ruano, and Mrs. Johnson for their hard work and dedication to the success of our student scholars.

A Review of President Biden’s First 3 Months

By Edmund Shryock, Political Correspondent

Starting in the month of March, President Biden’s administration has achieved a major breakthrough, providing relief to the millions of Americans who need it. Through Congress, Joe Biden’s $1.9 trillion dollar Coronavirus Relief Bill was passed. This however, came with strong objections from the Republicans. Through the passing of this bill, almost every tax-paying American will receive a $1,400 stimulus check. Finally, with the steady decline in new Coronavirus cases, Joe Biden pushes for a nationwide school re-opening plan.

In the month of February, Biden increased the number of vaccine doses that were being shipped across the country, increasing the amount of people getting vaccinated to approximately 2 million people per day. This slowly started to reduce the spread and infection rates. A new vaccine under the company Johnson & Johnson was approved and provided only a one-shot dose. This was backed by President Biden’s strict mask mandates and messages to continue practicing social distancing.

Starting on January 20th, President Biden would set in motion numerous “campaign promised” executive orders, numbering at 17 orders on the first day. These executive orders consisted of addressing the Coronavirus Pandemic head on. An example of this would be the 100-day mask challenge, asking Americans to wear masks for 100 days. Also, continued to pause people having to pay for student loans and federal student loans. Finally, he put a freeze on foreclosures and evictions to March 31.

President Biden’s executive orders on Inauguration Day also reversed a great number of orders that the Trump Administration had previously signed into order. Joe Biden signed for the U.S. to rejoin the Paris Climate Accord and put a halt on withdrawing from the World Health Organization. Biden also lifted Trump’s travel ban on immigrants from predominantly Muslim countries. Finally, he also stopped the construction of the southern border wall, thus removing the national emergency declaration to fund it.

These first 3 months of the Joe Biden Presidency sets the mood for what we can expect from our President for the next 3 years. This also shows how, under Biden, this pandemic will start to diminish thanks to the vaccine roll out. Lastly, it offers hope and help to those all around the world, making the U.S. no longer just “America first” but also more towards our “Allies first.”

March: This Month in History

By Edmund Shryock

There have been a great deal of historical events that have taken place within the month of March. All of us know about the events of last March (2020) which now overshadows previous historical events and achievements. Now let’s take a look back at five historical events that have taken place in the month of March.

  1. The Ratification of The Articles of Confederation:
  • On March 1st, 1781, The Articles of Confederation were ratified, creating the first taste of a Government in the United States after the signing of the Declaration of Independence. Although the Articles remained as the governing body of the U.S. Government until the end of the Revolutionary War in 1789, there were major flaws within it. It created economic disorganization among the 13 States and there was no executive leader. This paved a way to a signing of the current U.S. Constitution that is the backbone of current American Politics. 
  1. Franklin D. Roosevelt was Inaugurated as the 32nd President of The United States:
  • On March 4th, 1933 Franklin D. Roosevelt was inaugurated and was faced with getting the United States out of the Great Depression. He was offering a New Deal to America and bringing a much needed breath of fresh air to this crisis. In his Inauguration Speech, he would go on to say the famous words, “Let me assert my firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself…” This would rally the American people and cause him to win 3 more elections.
  1. Ulysses S. Grant became commander of the Union army:
  • As the Civil War had been raging on for almost 3 years, the Union Army was in need of a new general. On March 9th, 1864, Ulysses Grant would be commissioned as the commander of the Union forces. Grant would go on to fight in numerous battles against the Confederate leader General Robert E. Lee. Eventually, Lee was defeated at the hands of General Grant’s army. This popularity of his successes in war helped him win the White House, becoming the 18th President of the United States. 
FILE – In this March 23, 2010, file photo, participants applaud in the East Room of the White House in Washington, Tuesday, March 23, 2010, as President Barack Obama signs the health care bill. (AP Photo/J. Scott Applewhite, File)
  1. Obamacare is passed through Congress being signed into law:
  • On March 23, 2010 in former President Barack Obama’s second year in office, he helped form a Universal Healthcare Reform Bill. This bill was going to allow healthcare to be offered to all Americans. However, this bill created enormous backlash from the Republican party believing it to be unconstitutional. This was the start of a majority of the division we see today in Washington. However, Obamacare was effective and popular among people who could not afford healthcare, helping Obama’s reelection in 2012.
  1. The United States buys Alaska.

The Russian Empire at the time was looking to sell its Alaska Territory as it was across the Pacific Ocean and hard to defend. Also, Alaska was very sparsely populated. America was willing to purchase Alaska, however the Civil War postponed the sale until after the war. President Andrew Johnson’s Secretary of State William Seward set a deal to pay $7.2 million for Alaska, which was only about 2 cents per acre. So on March 30, 1867, Alaska was purchased by the U.S. However, Alaska would not be granted statehood until 1959, almost 92 years after the purchase.

Jan-Feb Political Wrap Up: Biden’s Inauguration and Trump’s 2nd Impeachment

By Edmund Shryock, Political Correspondent

On January 20, 2021, the world looked to Washington D.C. as President Joe Biden was officially inaugurated as the 46th President of the United States, continuing the 232-year tradition of a peaceful transfer of power. However, this Inauguration Day looked vastly different due to the Coronavirus, as the national mall was not crowded with people but covered with American flags. Kamala Harris was also sworn in as the first woman Vice President in American history.

The tone of this inauguration was different as it was four years ago, as a theme of unity was a major bullet point in President Biden’s Inauguration Speech. “We look ahead in our uniquely American way – restless, bold, optimistic – and set our sights on the nation we know we can be and we must be,” stated Biden, as he spoke in the exact spot where weeks prior violent rioters stood trying to stop his certification as President.

Another difference in this inauguration compared to previous ones was that former President Trump did not show up to the inauguration, becoming just the fourth President in history to purposely not attend his successor’s inauguration. This showed the vast differences between Biden and Trump’s personalities and their feelings towards each other. Trump left the White House before the inauguration with Melania and his son Barron on Marine One. They landed at Andrews Air Force Base where Trump gave a farewell speech to his supporters at the same time as the inauguration. Trump’s Vice President Mike Pence did not join him, however. Pence attended the inauguration with his wife, showing the gap that was formed between the two after Pence did not stop the certifying of the 2020 electoral ballots like Trump wanted him to.

Impeachment Trial

A sampling of headlines around the country from Trump’s second impeachment on January 13, 2021.

As Biden stepped into the White House, Trump stepped into a Senate Impeachment Trial. The trial lasted from February 9-13. Ultimately, Trump was acquitted on charges of “incitement of insurrection,” as the 57-43 senate vote fell ten votes short of the necessary ⅔ majority to convict him. The seven Republican votes for conviction represented the largest bipartisan vote for an impeachment conviction of a U.S. president.

On January 13, 2021, Donald Trump became the first President in history to be impeached twice by the House of Representatives. The vote passed with 222 Democrats and 10 Republicans voting to impeach, breaking party lines. However, Senate Majority leader Mitch McConnel did not push to have the senate trial start until after Trump was out of office. If the Senate had found Trump guilty in the impeachment trial he would have immediately been removed from office.

However, since Trump was already voted out by the people, he could have faced a different set of consequences. If the Senate had convicted Trump, then he would have been the first President to actually be convicted (although it would have taken another vote to have Trump barred from office, meaning he could not run for President again). Another vote from the Senate would have also stripped Trump from his post-Presidency benefits, such as a yearly salary and his own personal secret service for life.

Trump could still face a criminal prosecution or civil lawsuit arising from the Capitol assault, and The Shoemaker Bugle will update this story if anything comes up.

Post-Election Update: Transfer of Power

By Edmund Shryock

As the closely viewed 2020 Election comes to a close, Joe Biden was projected as the President Elect. Now all eyes are focused on President Trump and what he does in these final months of his Presidency. Here are 5 key events in the typical Presidential transition of power:

  1. Conceding the Race- The first steps in the Presidential transition of power would take place on or around election night. This would be when the losing opponent in the election would concede the election to the winner. However, Donald Trump has not officially conceded in the 2020 election and is holding recounts and lawsuits within the major swing states. One of the many things Trump tweeted came on November 23, when he wrote, “Will never concede to fake ballots.” Even though conceding an election has been a tradition, it is not required by law. However, maybe Trump will change his mind and drop the recounts before election day on January 20, 2021.
  2. The Dispute Deadline- December 8th, 2020. All state recounts and court cases over the presidential election results must be completed by this date. This will be crucial due to President Trump having multiple court cases and disputes in several swing states. Perhaps this will be the end to the Trump Administrations fight on the 2020 election results.
  3. The Gathering of the Electors- On December 14 2020, electors in each state meet and formally cast their ballots for the President and the Vice President. They will send copies of each ballot to the President of the Senate (who is the Vice-President). This will be a formal way of giving the electoral votes to each candidate and one of the final steps in the transition of power.
  4. Intelligence Reports and a New Cabinet- In the past when a winner is projected, they will start to get de-briefed on national security and pandemic responses. This will allow the President Elect and Vice President Elect to be ready when taking office on January 20th. However, President-Elect Biden is tasked with appointing new people to fill in national jobs such as Secretary of State and Attorney General. This will replace the numerous spots that are currently held by Trump appointed officials. This is one of the main reasons why there is a huge gap in between Election Day and Inauguration Day. However, Biden has just recently started to get briefed and pick his cabinet which puts him behind the average President-Elect’s progress.
  5. Inauguration Day- The current situation in Washington may leave numerous people divided and unsure about the results of the 2020 election. However, one thing that is for sure is that somebody is going to be sworn in on January 20, 2021. If Joe Biden is sworn in, it is tradition that the loser of the election will attend the inauguration. However, Americans are still unsure if Trump will attend the ceremony. On this day, this will draw the end to the transition of power and the beginning of a new Presidency. 

The transition of power is a key in upholding our nation’s democracy that Americans have upheld since 1776. Even though the 2020 election consisted of vigorous attacks from both sides of the political spectrum, leaving the country divided, January 20 will be a day that Americans will hopefully come together and unite behind their President, especially during the Coronavirus Pandemic.

Biden Wins 2020 Election

By Edmund Shryock–Political Correspondent

On Saturday, November 6, 2020, after several tense days of counting votes, Joe Biden was elected to be the 46th President of the United States, with Pennsylvania’s 20 electoral votes enough to push him over the 270 electoral votes needed to secure victory.

At 8:00pm EST, President-Elect Biden and Vice President-Elect Kamala Harris took the stage and addressed the nation (photo by Andrew Harnik | Reuters). Biden went on to say, “I pledge to be a president who seeks not to divide but unify, who doesn’t see red states and blue states, only sees the United States,” which offered great hope to the nation. Kamala Harris went on to say in her speech that, “While I may be the first woman in this office, I will not be the last; because every little girl watching tonight sees that this is a country of possibilities,” shattering that “glass ceiling” that Hillary Clinton came so close to breaking in 2016.

As Biden and Harris prepare for these upcoming four years, President Trump may close out his 4-year term in a legal battle over the election results. The Trump Campaign has lawsuits in five states on the basis of voter fraud. The states include Pennsylvania, Arizona, Michigan, Nevada, and Georgia. If Trump would have won these states, he would have had enough votes to win a re-election.

However, due to the large number of mail-in ballots that usually lean Democrat, President Trump’s election day lead in these battleground states diminished as the vote count continued. This is part of a theory known as the “Blue Shift,” which occurs when largely democratic mail-in and absentee ballots are known to shift the vote totals as they are being counted. These “blue shift” ballots were especially plentiful this year because so many people stayed away from voting locations due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

The Trump campaign is going to find it hard to gather proper evidence of actual voter fraud. However, it is in President Trump’s rights to ask for a recount in these states, which is especially important because the results were fairly close in many states. However, Americans still look to President Trump to guide the peaceful transfer of power to President-Elect Biden, which will take place on Inauguration Day on January 20, 2021.


Election Recap:

As November 3rd, 2020 was drawing near, Americans had to decide between Donald Trump and Joe Biden, making this election one of the most influential elections in American history.

This election became confusing, with different opinions and facts dominating five important issues that decided the 2020 election for voters:

  1. Coronavirus Response- Donald Trump and the Republicans are strong supporters of reopening the country to get Americans back to where they were in January of this year. However, Joe Biden and the Democrats are keen on making sure that Americans take this virus seriously by wearing masks and distancing to lower the amount of Coronavirus Cases in America.
  2. The China Issue- Donald Trump and his relations with China is a rough one. He put tariffs on steel and goods being exported from China. If he had won a second term for President, there was a good chance that relations between China and the U.S. would have worsened. However, Joe Biden is a supporter of China, and when he was Vice-President under Obama they signed the Trans-Pacific Partnership. This increased trade with China and other countries. Trump removed America from this agreement in 2017.
  3. The Supreme Court Debacle- On September 18, 2020, Justice Ruth Bader Guinsburg died of pancreatic cancer. This left a vacancy on the Supreme Court, which is a repeat of what happened in 2016 when Justice Anthony Scalia died during an election year, too. In 2016, President Obama nominated Merrick Garland to the Supreme Court. However, the Republican senate never gave him a confirmation hearing. This year, with a Republican President and Senate in control, conservative Justice Amy Coney Barrett was nominated, and she was confirmed just a week before the election on October 26. This is important because Supreme Court Justices don’t serve terms, they serve on the Supreme court for life, which can affect the next 30-40 years and multiple generations.
  4. The Senate Shift- The Senate has been a Republican majority since 2015 and have passed votes as a majority, even stopping Trump from getting removed from office after he was impeached. This year there were 23 Republican seats up for grabs and 12 Democrat seats. As of this writing, the Senate is currently tied with 48 Democrats and 48 Republicans. A run-off election in Georgia coming up on January 5, 2021 could lead to the Republicans losing the majority. If Democrats win the Senate, the Democrats would control both houses of Congress.
  5. Important Swing States and the Electoral College- The important number that both candidates needed to get on election night was 270 electoral college votes. The electoral college is different for each state. The population of a state determines how many electoral votes they get. For example, California has the largest population and counts for 55 electoral votes. The so-called “swing states,” which were undetermined until late into and even after election night, made all the difference: even though Florida, Ohio, and North Carolina went to Trump, Biden’s victories in Pennsylvania, Arizona, and Georgia swung the votes in his favor.
Electoral College results as of 11/12/20; source: NPR.org